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Strengths & Weaknesses

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Capable of punching a hole through 112mm of armour at 1400 meters, the Tiger’s combat efficiency was mainly due to its famous 88mm gun. The Tiger also had the best quality armour of any German tank. 

Its frontal armour was 100mm thick, making it impervious to all but the largest calibre Allied tank and anti-tank shells.  The questionable quality of Allied tank and anti-tank ammunition might also have contributed to the Tiger’s mask of impregnability.

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Certainly a combination of massive armour and powerful gun made for an almost unbeatable tank.

Enemy crews often watched helplessly as their shots bounced off the Tiger and their own vehicles were quickly destroyed, often from great distances. The Tiger tank also proved very nibble footed for its size and weight.

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Where to Compromise?
All tank designs are something of a compromise between firepower, armour protection and speed of movement.  Overall the Tiger design was a good compromise, but it did have its weaknesses. 

Fuel
A 60-ton tank needs a big engine and lots of fuel. 

Reliability
Mechanical reliability was a challenge, so the Tiger needed a lot of preventative maintenance to keep it operational. 

Size
Its size and weight could also work against it, making it difficult to transport by rail and difficult to recover.  The German army would also have to find bridges capable of supporting the Tiger’s weight on its line of advance or retreat.

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